As early as 1524, the first voyages of discovery took place in the area of today’s New York by Giovanni da Verrazano and in 1609 by Henry Hudson. Around 1610 merchants from the Netherlands started a comprehensive fur trade with the Indians living here.
The colonization of the New York area began in 1624. The first settlers were 30 Dutch families who settled on the island of Manhattan and in the area of the Delaware Foot.
In 1626, Peter Minuit bought the natives, probably a branch of the Lenni-Lenape Indians who called the island Manna-hatta, the island for 60 guilders. The settlement was named Nieuw Amsterdam and became the capital of the colony Nieuw Nederland.
In the war between England and the Netherlands Nieuw Nederland was plundered by the Englishmen, whereupon the governor Petrus Stuyvesant the city on September 24, 1664 ceded. The colony was awarded to the Duke of York, later King James II. In his honor, the city was renamed New York. In 1667, the Dutch gave up all claims to the colony in the Peace of Breda.
In the 18th century, New York actively participated in the independence movement. In 1776 she was for a short time These left the city until 1783, after the American independence was also recognized by European states including Britain. This year, a devastating fire destroyed large parts of New York. 1785 ravaged another fire disaster other areas of the city.
From 1788 to 1790, New York was the capital of the United States. George Washington was sworn in New York in 1789 as the first president. During the difficult economic times after the war, on 17 May 1792, traders founded the New York Stock Exchange. 1797 Albany was appointed instead of New York to the capital of the state of New York. Albany is still the capital.
At the beginning of the 19th century, the city grew faster than ever before in its history. In 1811, the city planners of New York decided to rethink the whole island of Manhattan with a grid-shaped road network.
The completion of the Erie Canal in 1825 created a link between New York, the Great Lakes and the Midwest. Overnight, the city became the largest cargo handling center on the US East Coast.
In the middle of the 19th century, they planned a large city park, the so-called Central Park. Construction began in 1858 and was completed in 1866. In the second half of the 19th century, more and more immigrants came to New York. Irish, Italians and Germans came hoping for a better life. However, many of them did not come out of slums like Five Points and the Bowery. This, of course, led to strong conflicts that plunged the city into the greatest chaos in its history.
In 1898, the five boroughs of Manhattan, Brooklyn, Staten Island, Queens and the Bronx merged into Greater New York.
In the first half of the 20th century, the city became the center of industry and commerce. In the wild twenties, New York fell into a stock market frenzy, which came to an abrupt end on October 24, 1929. The next economic crisis hit New York hard.
The unemployment rate rose to over 25 percent. Many people lost their jobs and their homes. The turnaround was brought by the Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia construction programs. At the beginning of the 20th century, the first skyscrapers were built, most notably the Woolworth Building and the Empire State Building and the Chrysler Building. All became landmarks of the city of Ney York.
After the end of the Second World War, the economy went downhill again. The middle class moved to the suburbs. Many industrial enterprises emigrated. In 1975, the city had to declare bankruptcy. Edward Koch restored the city of New York during his term as mayor (1978-1989). In the following economic boom of the 1980s, Wall Street established itself in the financial world. In the 1990s, the popular New York Mayor Rudolph Giuliani achieved with the so-called zero tolerance strategy decisive success in the fight against crime. This brought a new crucial influx of better-earning citizens to New York.
In late summer 2001, the World Trade Center was completely destroyed in the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. This was the blackest day in New York history. Only in May 2002, the cleanup on Ground Zero ended. The city’s deficit is more than $ 7 billion.
The decision for the Memorial at Ground Zero falls in 2004 – “Reflecting Absence” by Michael Arad and Peter Walkers.
Since January 1, 2002 Michael Bloomberg is the 108th mayor of New York. In 2001 he won the mayoral election and succeeded Rudolph Giuliani. In 2005 he was re-elected with 59 percent of all votes cast.