The wildlife of Mexico is just as rich in species as its flora. The fauna includes many monkey species such as howler monkeys and spider monkeys.
Then there are bears, beavers, flamingos, deer, jaguars, iguanas, lynxes, coyotes, crocodiles, ocelots, pekaris, pelicans, prairie wolves, pumas, herons, giant ants, scorpions, spiders, green sonoran toads, turtles, tapirs and snakes.
There are thirteen different species of rattlesnakes alone. The birds are particularly diverse and species-rich. Many seabirds are found here, because the coastal waters have a large fish wealth.
Wolves and coyotes can be found, for example, in the north of the country. Ocelots, jaguars, cougars, coatis, pekaris and monkeys live in the forests on the mountain slopes.
In lagoons and swamps you will find crocodiles and turtles.
On the coasts are seals, flamingos, herons and pelicans.
In the tropical rainforests, the various species of birds such as parrots and hummingbirds are very numerous represented.
Mexico is one of the countries with the greatest biodiversity. Due to the size of the country and the different altitudes and the various climatic zones, the vegetation is very diverse.
There are over 30,000 plant species. Of the 6,000 cacti known worldwide, there are about 4,000 species in Mexico. The Nopal Cactus is the symbol of Mexico. The candelabra cactus is native to the north of the country. He becomes up to 15 m high and up to 70 centimeters thick.
Slash and timber exploitation as well as diversion of many rivers and agriculture and livestock farming lead to strong changes in the vegetation. The tree populations have been decimated in the past but there are still large and wide forest areas. The tree line is about 3,500 m in Mexico.
Different regions of Mexico have a predominant form of vegetation. Here are particularly the rainy slopes of the Cordilleras and the rain forest to call, which merges at higher altitudes in mixed forests, such as pine, oak, juniper and then in coniferous forests. Then there is the Baja California, which is characterized by its cactus steppe.
In the north of the country there are thorn bush vegetation with countless cactus species, agaves, yucca palms and mesquite plants.
In the south of the country (Oaxaca, Chiapas, Tabasco) the tropical rain forest and jungle occurs. Here you will find precious woods such as the mahogany and zapote tree.
In the state of Chiapas there are about 200 different types of oaks and 40 different types of pine. In the lowlands of Tabasco prevail wide swamps. The peninsula Yucatán shines with predominantly dry forest and thorn shrub savanna.
The “Tierra Caliente” (hot land) can be found at an altitude of about 900 meters. Here temperature differences prevail from 15 to 48 ° C.
In the south, palm trees and mangroves prevail. In the north you will find coniferous forests and savannas. It is here the cultivation of bananas, tropical fruits, cocoa, vanilla, sugar cane, tobacco and cotton operated.
The “Tierra templada”, the temperate country ranges from about 900 to 1800 meters in height. Here, the average temperatures of 16 to 21 ° C prevail. In this climate zone you will find most of the Mexican states. Here you can find deciduous forests, sugar cane cultivation, cotton cultivation and coffee cultivation.
The “Tierra Fria” is the cold land. It ranges from a height of about 1800 to 2700 meters above sea level. The average temperatures here are 15 to 17 ° C. This also applies to Mexico City and Chiapas.