In Indonesia you will find over 200 different languages and dialects. Since independence, many Indonesians have developed a strong national pride.
The traditional dances and the traditional techniques of painting, woodcarving and sculpture are still maintained. Dancing is an important art form in Indonesia and is encouraged and practiced from earliest childhood.
The comprehensive repertoire is based on ancient legends and traditions. Performances take place in village halls and village squares, as well as in some of the leading hotels. Some of Bali’s most famous dances are the Legong, a slow, graceful dance of divine nymphs; the Baris, a fast-paced, vocal
Monkey – Java
Depicting male martial behavior, and the Jauk, captivating solo dance of a masked and costumed demon. In the dramatic kecak dance with 100 or more participants, only young men dressed in loincloth act as a wild monkey crowd, subjects of the Hindu monkey god Hanuman.
Indonesian gamelan orchestras consist primarily of various xylophone-like percussion instruments, flutes and instruments that resemble the harp. These sounds can be heard in many Indonesian shops and restaurants and are part of every dance and shadow theater performance.
Shadow plays are performed nationwide using traditional wooden and leather Wayang Kulit puppets. The subject of the plays are often the stories of Ramayana and Mahabharata, famous ancient Hindu legends. However, modern pieces are also shown.
For visitors who do not understand Indonesian, sitting backstage is the most interesting thing to do, as it is best to watch the puppeteer at work.
For ticket and hotel bookings on the island of Java and within Indonesia, often only the first name is used.
In society, one is often quite formal, for example, one should not start eating or drinking at a meal before the host asks. Never point your finger at people or objects or touch children’s heads.
Food or money is always taken or given on Java with the right hand.
Indonesians are polite and friendly and show countless favors and friendships to foreigners whom they trust. Handshake to greet is in use.
When invited to a private home, a gift is welcome. Casual clothing is common, but some elegant establishments expect evening wear with meals.
Islamic customs and practices concerning women’s clothing should be considered. Temples should only be entered with sarong and shoulders / arm-covering tops.
Tipping is common but not compulsory. In some hotels and restaurants are charged for service 10% extra.