Hong Kong is located in Southeast Asia, south of the Northern Tropic. The former British colony consists of the island of Hong Kong (83 sq km), other smaller islands, the Kowloon peninsula and the New Territories on the south China mainland. The island of Hong Kong is located 32 km east of the Pearl River and 135 km southeast of Canton. It is separated from the mainland by a natural harbor.
China’s Special Administrative Region (SAR) since 1 July 1997. Parliament: Legislative Council with 60 members. Hong Kong sends 36 MPs to the People’s Congress of China. Head of State: Hu Jintao, since 2003. Chief Executive: Tung Chee-hwa, since 1997. The former British Crown Colony was returned to the People’s Republic of China on July 1, 1997.
Cantonese is the most widely spoken language. English is widely spoken, especially in business circles. Both languages are recognized as official languages.
Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism; Christian, Muslim and Hindu minorities.
CET + 7 (UTC + 8)
200/220 V, 50 Hz
International direct dialing. The telephone information is computerized and can be reached under the numbers 1081 (English) and 1083 (Chinese).
Vaccinations are not required for visiting Hong Kong. All visitors are advised to take out travel and health insurance in their own country prior to departure in order to be covered in the event of illness or accident. Hong Kong does not have a free health service and every medical treatment has to be paid. Excluded are first aid services in state hospitals.
What you wear depends on the season. For the hot months of May to October you pack a lot of light cotton or blended fabrics. Shorts, T-shirts and comfortable shoes are important, especially if you spend a lot of time outdoors.
From November to April, temperatures can change dramatically from one day to the next, and accordingly you should prepare for warm and cold days. A light sweater, raincoat or cape, umbrella and warm socks or stockings are highly recommended.
No matter what time of year you are here – in Hong Kong you go to dinner. If you want to dine in an elegant restaurant or are invited to a private dinner, socializing is recommended. Beware: some discos and nightclubs will not let anyone wear sneakers, jeans or shorts.
A word about air conditioners: Restaurants, hotels and offices can be uncomfortably cold even on the hottest summer days. In the summer months, take a light sweater or jacket if you suddenly find yourself in such an icy trap.
Contact lens wearers who are not used to air conditioners could have problems: glasses and hard contact lenses tend to mist up when you come from air-conditioned rooms to the humid outdoor air.