Early History – The first settlement occurred about 15,000 years ago over a land bridge between Siberia and Alaska.
1000 – The Vikings populate Newfoundland for a short time.
1497 – John Cabots (Giovanni Caboto from Venice – in British service) lands in Labrador or Newfoundland.
1534/35 – Jacques Cartier carries out a land acquisition for France on the peninsula Gaspésie and the upper St. Lawrence River.
1608 – Québec City and Montreal are founded (1642) by the French (Samuel de Champlain and de Maisonneuve).
1663 – the merger of the settlement areas into the colony “Nouvelle France” takes place.
1670 – the establishment of the Hudson’s Bay Company by English noblemen: English settlers come later. This leads to Anglo-French rivalries and disputes over fishing rights and fur trade.
1840 – Ontario (Upper Canada) and Quebec (Lower Canada) are united to the self-governing “Canada”.
01.07.1867 – Canada becomes “Dominion of Canada” under the British North America Act together with Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, and between 1870 and 1905 the provinces of Prince Edward Island, Manitoba, British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan and 1949 extended to Newfoundland (after referendum).
1931 – Kanda receives Dominion Status (Westminster Statute)
1980 – Referendum in Quebec has as a result the whereabouts of the province in Canada.
17.04.1982 – Canada receives full sovereignty (Canada Act of the British Parliament). The new constitution also applies to the province of Quebec.
1987 – the Meech Lake Agreement takes place. This is a reform plan by the conservative government Mulroney regarding the status of Quebec (failed in 1990 due to the rejection of the provinces of Manitoba and Newfoundland).
Dec. 26, 1992 – A referendum reveals that 54% of Canadians – including a majority in Quebec – oppose Charlottetown Accord, a concept to empower provinces and create a special status for Quebec.
1993 – The separatist Bloc Québécois wins an electoral victory in the federal elections (54 seats strongest opposition party in the Federal Parliament). & Gt;
30.10.1995 – a second referendum on Quebec’s independence: the result is a narrow majority in favor of remaining in Canada (50.6 to 49.4%).
01.04.1999 – the foundation of the territory Nunavut
28.06.2004 – The result of the federal elections: minority government of the Liberals led by Prime Minister Paul Martin